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Metallurgical history
ArticleName The study of Georgian damask weapons of the XIX century from the collection of the Mining University`s Mining Museum
ArticleAuthor K. V. Tumanova, V. Yu. Bazhin, O. A. Dubovikov, A. V. Sundurov, V. G. Povarov

St. Petersburg Mining University (St. Petersburg, Russia):

K. V. Tumanova, Cand. Eng., Senior Researcher of the Mining museum, e-mail:
V. Yu. Bazhin, Dr. Eng., Prof., Vice-rector for scientific and innovation activities
O. A. Dubovikov, Dr. Eng., Prof., Chemical Technologies and Energy Processing Dept., e-mail:
A. V. Sundurov, Post-graduate, Metallurgical Dept., e-mail:
V. G. Povarov, Dr. Eng., Head of Analytical Research Dept., Center for Collective Use


Features of the production of cold steel damask weapons in Georgia have always been of interest to specialists and collectors around the world. It has not only high historical and cultural, but also scientific value. In the collection of exhibits of the Mining Museum of St. Petersburg Mining University are damask blades created in Tiflis in 1830-1832. 9 samples were investigated. The modeling and analysis of an array of data on chemical composition of the blades and craftsmen were carried out. The possibility of combining the results in one group is considered. The qualitative phase composition of the test samples using an X-ray diffractometer, the carbon content in the test samples using an isotopic mass spectrometer were determined. The results obtained on the carbon content are compared with the modern classification of iron-carbon alloys.
The authors thank M. Yu. Sinai, associate professor of Geoecology Dept., Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia for help in conducting research.

keywords Georgia, Tiflis, damask steel, weapons, iron carbide, carbon content, chemical composition, impurities

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