Journals →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2020 →  #2 →  Back

ArticleName Coal industry of Mongolia : resources for advancement
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2020.02.14
ArticleAuthor Sokolov A. D., Takayshvili L. N., Batkhuyag S., Ochirbat P.

Melentiev Energy Systems Institute, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Irkutsk, Russia:

A. D. Sokolov, Head of Laboratory, Doctor of Engineering Sciences
L. N. Takayshvili, Senior Researcher, Candidate of Engineering Sciences,


Energy Institute, Mongolian State University of Science and Technologies, Ulan-Bator, Mongolia:

S. Batkhuyag, Professor, Doctor of Engineering Sciences


Mining Institute, Mongolian State University of Science and Technologies, Ulan-Bator, Mongolia:

P. Ochirbat, Academician of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Professor, Doctor of Economic Sciences


Mongolia possesses appreciable high-quality coal reserves for production and export. Mongolia is amongst the world’s top ten coal holders and gains the lead in coal reserves per capita. As a source of energy, coal is the critical fuel type in Mongolia. In back observation, coal made 60 to 80 % in the consumption of primary energy resources. The current condition of the coal industry in Mongolia is reviewed: resource base; coal quality indicators; dynamics of extraction, preparation, utilization and export. The coal reserves and the level of their study are described. The largest fields of coal are characterized. It is shown how the coal export influences the production development and Mongolia’s power on the international coal market. Mongolia can supply coal to the nearest neighbors and in transit through the territory and sea ports of China and Russia to the world market. The prospects of the production and export growth in Mongolia are connected with development of the South Gobi Coal Basin. Among the presented coal mining projects, the most critical are the Tavan Talgoi deposit in the south of Mongolia and the Shivee-Ovoo deposit in the north east. The mining projects for these deposits are elaborated jointly with foreign companies. The projects are aimed at the enlargement of coal output for export and domestic consumption, at coalbed methane recovery and at liquid fuel production. The capabilities of Russia–Mongolia cooperation and joint projects in different lines of advancement in the coal industry in Mongolia are examined. The promising lines of coal utilization in Mongolia are export and coal chemistry. The further growth of the coal industry depends on the extensibility of geological exploration, transportation and production infrastructure as well as domestic and foreign coal markets. In the long run, Mongolia’s coal can stand high on the international market.
The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, International Grant No. 18-510-94006, and by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Science and Sports of Mongolia, Project No. ShuGkh/OKhU/2018/26.

keywords Mongolia, coal, reserves, production, usage, projects, export, coal chemistry

1. Vorobev B. M. World coal. Moscow : Gornaya kniga, 2013. Vol. 3. Euraisian coal. 752 p.
2. Plakitkina L. S., Plakitkin Yu. A. Coal industry in the world and in Russia : review, trends and development prospects. Moscow : Litterra, 2017. 373 p.
3. Foreign trade. Mongolian Statistical Information Service, 2019. Available at: (accessed: 15.10.2019).
4. Socio-Economic Situation of Mongilia. Monthly Bulletin of Statistics. 2018. No. 11. 152 p.
5. Saneev B. G., Sokolov A. D., Muzichuk S., Takashvili L. N., Maysyuk E. P. et al. Status and Challenges to Coal Industry for Sustainabble Deveelopment in North-East Asia and Identification of Opportunities for Subregional Cooperation in the Coal Sector: Intergovernmental Cooperation in North-East Asia, Join Study, Working Group on Coal. Irkutsk : ISEM SO RAN, 2011. 146 p.
6. Mendsaikhan S., Sodkhuu R., Demberel A., Bajiikhuu Kh. Mongolian Statistical Yearbook 2015. Ulaan-Baatar : National Registration and Statistics Office, 2016. 413 p.
7. Geology mining petroleum heavy industry : the annual report 2016. Ulaanbaatar : Mineral Resources and Petroleum Authority of Mongolia, 2017. 148 p.
8. Yeren-Ulzii. Power sector of Mongolia, regional cooperation possibilities. Ministry of Energy, 2015. Available at: (accessed: 15.06.2019).
9. Ochirbat Punsalmaagiin. Coal industry in Mongolia: status and prospects of development. Zapiski Gornogo instituta. 2017. Vol. 226. pp. 420–427.
10. Balance of coal, by national level, by year. Mongolian Statistical Information Service, 2019. Available at: (accessed: 19.07.2019).
11. Zalogova O. I., Takayshvili L. N. State and prospec ts of development of transport infrastructure of Mongolia for coal export. Sovremennye tekhnologii. Sistemnyi analiz. Modelirovanie. 2019. No. 2(62). pp. 177–185.
12. Mongolian way business. Region-Resurs, 2013. Available at: ovostiugolnoj-promyshlennosti/452-biznes-po-mongolski (accessed: 27.07.2019).
13. Coking Coal Industry Chain Summit, July 2011 Qingdao, China. Aspire Mining Ltd, 2011. Available at: (accessed: 29.07.2019).
14. Ovoot coking coal project. Aspire Mining Ltd. Available at: (accessed: 27.07.2019).
15. Batmunkh Sereeter, Stennikov V. A., Bat-Erdene Bayar, Erdenebaatar Altain. International cooperation potential of Mongolia in Asian energy space. Vestnik Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. 2017. Vol. 21, No. 10(129). pp. 65–77.

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy