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ArticleName Features of structural tectonics and geochemistry of Tomulakh metamorphism zone
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2021.08.03
ArticleAuthor Miroshnikova L. K., Mezentsev A. Yu., Semenyakina N. V., Glazunov O. M.

Norilsk State Industrial Institute, Norilsk, Russia:

L. K. Miroshnikova, Professor, Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences,
A. Yu. Mezentsev, Assistant, Post-Graduate Student
N. V. Semenyakina, Assistant, Post-Graduate Student


Vinogradov Institute of Geochemistry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Irkutsk, Russia:
O. M. Glazunov, Professor, Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences


The methods of geological and geochemical modeling for prospecting of mineralization in areas associated with the deposits of the Talnakh ore-forming system are considered. The geological and geochemical model is based on the geological and structural analysis of the spatial relationships of geochemical anomalies, which allows us to quantify the geochemical types of halos caused by both the multi-stage formation of deposits and the presence of different types of mineralization, which contributes to solving the forecasting problems. The subject of the study is the anomalous Tomulakh metamorphism zone (TMZ), the tectonic conditions of its formation, the material composition of metamorphic and metasomatic formations and facies, and their geochemical expression. The TMZ, located in the north of the ore-bearing Kharaelakh intrusive of the Talnakh ore-magmatic system, is traced along the Axial-Dyangin fault. The high density of faulting and the composition of the tectonic breccias in the upper exocontact zone ensure propagation of metamorphosing fluids over a considerable distance in the vertical and lateral directions. Within the TMZ, which is the flank part of the fluid-magmatic system, fluids evolve in space and time from alkaline to acidic. Alkaline and acidic near-fracture metasomatites developing along tectonic breccias are marked by the geochemical associations Y-Mo-Zr and Be-Mo-Zr. Ore mineralization in the form of rare scattered inclusions of pyrite, chalcopyrite, pyrrhotite, and sphalerite is mapped by the Zn-Cu-Ni-Co specialization. The development of ore mineralization in the contact-metamorphosed rocks of the upper Devonian TMZ is considered as a continuation of the contact halo of the Ni-Cu-Co specialization of the Kharaelakh intrusive. Calciteanhydrite metasomatites (americophile) and anhydrite marble in the top exocontact TMZ occur in the zone of dispersed mineralization and Sr anomalies traceable along the Axial-Dyingin fault and being the extension of the contact envelope of the Kharaelakh intrusion. It is assumed that the TMZ is formed under the influence of the fluid-magmatic Talnakh ore-forming system.

keywords Norilsk region, Tomulakh metamorphism zone, Kharaelakh intrusive, Axial-Dyangin fault, fluid, metamorphic and metasomatic formations

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