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ArticleName Basic principles for building seismic monitoring systems in rockburst-hazardous coal seam mining
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2021.01.02
ArticleAuthor Razumov E. E., Rukavishnikov G. D., Mulev S. N., Prostov S. M.

Gorbachev Kuzbass State Technical University, Kemerovo, Russia1 ; VNIMI, Saint-Petersburg, Russia2:

E. E. Razumov1,2, Researcher,


Gorbachev Kuzbass State Technical University, Kemerovo, Russia:

S. M. Prostov, Professor, Doctor of Engineering Sciences


VNIMI, Saint-Petersburg, Russia:
G. D. Rukavishnikov, Head of Center for Geodynamic Monitoring
S. N. Mulev, Director of Science


The main directions of development of seismic monitoring systems in underground mineral mining are analyzed. The expediency of passive registration of natural seismic activity is proved, which provides prediction of geodynamic phenomena by locating the centers of seismic events and determining their energy level. The methods of active seismic monitoring (seismic tomography, cross-borehole survey, recording of seismic signal from a rock-breaking tool) are technically more difficult to implement. The promising methods for processing seismic information are geolocation, neural network technology, cluster analysis, and integration with numerical stress–strain analysis of and changes in acoustic properties of rock mass. The configuration of the platform developed at VNIMI and the GITS seismic monitoring system, which includes from 6 to 12 three-component seismic sensors installed permanently in wells or on pedestals, is described. The detailed layouts of seismic sensors at recording points and in gateways in extraction panels are presented. The main technical characteristics of GITS are given: the signal frequency range is 0.1–1000 Hz, the minimum recorded signal level is 0.01 mV. The main test data of GITS in Komsomolskaya mine of Vorkutaugol are described: the average annual levels of seismic activity and energy of seismic events are found to be relatively stable; the relationship between seismic event with the maximum total energy and the alternating increment in the relative criterion is defined, and the local increase in the average energy of a single event in time from the moment the main roof caving is identified. Aimed to substantiate the regional and local prediction criteria of probability of geodynamic events caused by confining pressure, VNIMI implements integrated research in mines in different regions.

keywords Underground mineral mining, geodynamic phenomena, confining pressure, events, local prediction, seismic monitoring

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