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Machine-building Technologies
ArticleName Comprehensive study of the process of cutting screw grooves on the inner surface of a cylindrical steel sleeve with rotary cutting mandrels
DOI 10.17580/chm.2021.02.11
ArticleAuthor V. V. Kuts, D. S. Gridin

South-Western State University (Kursk, Russia):

V. V. Kuts, Dr. Eng., Prof., Dept. of Mechanical Engineering Technologies and Equipment, E-mail:
D. S. Gridin, Graduate Student, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering Technologies and Equipment, E-mail:


The paper presents the results of a comprehensive study of the process of cutting helical internal grooves on the basis of computer simulation in order to establish the influence of technological parameters of cutting on the forming force. Researches of cutting of screw grooves on thinwalled steel sleeves by a cutting mandrel with various cutting speeds have been carried out. The method of processing internal screw grooves on machines with simple kinematics is presented. The dependences of the influence of cutting rates on implementation of the hidden kinematical connection are established. Graphs reflecting the dependence of the cutting rate on the angle of inclination of the cut helical groove are constructed, and a regression equation is obtained describing the dependence of the studied factors on the axial force. Ranges of cutting rates are established, allowing to provide the maximum productivity at various angles of the spiral inclination. The results of processing the experimental data of the study of the influence of tool geometrical parameters on the forming force when cutting helical grooves on the inner surface of the cylindrical shell are shown. Levels of change of factors, variance of experiment results on each of experiments are defined. The regression coefficients are calculated, the regression equation is compiled, the variance of model adequacy is estimated and adequacy of the regression equation is checked, the nature of infl uence of interaction of cutting rate parameters, front angle and the allowable allowance on the forming force is determined. Based on the results of modeling using the Maple program, a regression equation was obtained that reflects dependence of influence of factors on the axial force per tool tooth, dependence of the influence of the studied factors on the change in temperature in a cutting zone, and also constructed a temperature field reflecting the heat distribution in the processing zone on the example of one experiment.
The study was performed with the financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research within the research project No. 19-38-90057.

keywords Steel sleeve, tool rod, experimental planning, mathematical model, mandrel, helical surface, three-dimensional model, geometric characteristics, shaping

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