Journals →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2021 →  #2 →  Back

ArticleName Mechanism of deformation in rock mass surrounding intersection of mine shaft and salt bed
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2021.02.02
ArticleAuthor Marysyuk V. P., Sabyanin G. V., Andreev A. A., Vilner M. A.

NorNickel’s Polar Division, Norilsk, Russia:

V. P. Marysyuk, Chief Geotechnical Engineer—Director of Geodynamic Safety Center, Candidate of Engineering Sciences,


NorNickel, Moscow, Russia:
G. V. Sabyanin, Head of Mining and Processing Management at Production Technology Department, Candidate of Engineering Sciences


Center for Geomechanics and Mining Problems, Saint-Petersburg State Mining University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia:
A. A. Andreev, Leading Engineer
M. A. Vilner, Engineer, Post-Graduate


A bed of rock salt in Komsomolsky Mine occurs in sedimentary strata enclosing cage and skip shafts. When water enters rock salt via underground excavations, boreholes and fractures, rock salt can dissolve and wash out, and voids appear in rock mass. Voids at the lining and rock interface should be eliminated so that never re-appear or grow during shaft operation. Materials used to eliminate voids should ensure stable mechanical linkage both with enclosing rocks and lining. Assessment and analysis of geomechanical processes induced by leaching need monitoring of deformations in a shaft. To this effect, one of the simplest and most informative methods is arrangement of an observation station directly in the shaft lining to measure varying distances between check points. The article briefly describes activities aimed to eliminate voids using different composition grouts. From the analysis of monitoring data, the deformation mechanism is described, and the interaction between different deformation stages and grouting steps is determined.
The authors appreciate participations of experts M. P. Sergunin, I. A. Shishkina, A. K. Ustinov, V. V. Tsatskin, V. S. Orlov.

keywords Mine, vertical shaft, rock movements, lining deformations, salt bed, void grouting, grout

1. Trofimov A. V., Rumyantsev A. E., Gospodarikov A. P., Kirkin A. P. Non-destructive ultrasonic method of testing the strength of backfill concrete at deep Talnakh mines. Tsvetnye Metally. 2020. No. 12. pp. 28–33. DOI: 10.17580/tsm.2020.12.04
2. Chaulya S. K., Prasad G. M. Sensing and Monitoring Technologies for Mines and Hazardous Areas: Monitoring and Prediction Technologies. Amsterdam : Elsevier, 2016. 432 p.
3. Tabatabai Moradi S. Sh., Nikolaev N. I., Nikolaeva T. N. Development of spacer fluids and cement slurries compositions for lining of wells at high temperatures. Journal of Mining Institute. 2020. Vol. 242. pp. 174–178.
4. Eremenko V. A., Neguritsa D. L. Efficient and active moni toring of stresses and strains in rock masses. Eurasian Mining. 2016. No. 1. pp. 21–24. DOI: 10.17580/em.2016.01.02
5. Dashko R. E., Shidlovskaya A. V. Physical and chemical genesis of swell and osmotic shrinkage of clay soils in construction’s base by results of experimental researches. Journal of Mining Institute. 2013. Vol. 200. pp. 193–200.
6. Chernyshov S. E., Galkin V. I., Ulyanova Z. V., Makdonald D. I. M. Development of mathematical models to control the technological properties of cement slurries. Journal of Mining Institute. 2020. Vol. 242. pp. 179–190.
7. Bérest P. Cases, causes and classifications of craters above salt caverns. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences. 2017. Vol. 100. pp. 318–329.
8. Iktisanov V. A. Description of steady inflow of fluid to wells with different configurations and various partial drilling-in. Journal of Mining Institute. 2020. Vol. 243. pp. 305–312.
9. Karasev M. A., Buslova M. A., Vilner M. A., Nguyen T. T. Method f or predicting the stress-strain state of the vertical shaft lining at the drift landing section in saliferous rocks. Journal of Mining Institute. 2019. Vol. 240. pp. 628–637.
10. Taheri S. R., Pak A., Shad S., Mehrgini B., Razifar M. Investiga tion of rock salt layer creep and its effects on casing collapse. International Journal of Mining Science and Technology. 2020. Vol. 30, Iss. 3. pp. 357–365.
11. Demin V. F., Yavorsky V. V., Demina T. V., Tomilov A. N. Efficient control of floor swelling in temporary roadways of coal mines. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2018. No. 4. pp. 56–60. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2018.04.10
12. Alymenko D. N., Soloviev V. A., Aptukov V. N., Kotlyar E. K. Lightweight support types for reinforcement of mining openings adjacent to shafts in salt rocks. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2019. No. 5. pp. 42–45. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2019.05.07
13. Cheskidov V. V., Lipina A. V., Melnichenko I. A. Integrated monitoring of engineering structures in mining. Eurasian Mining. 2018. No. 2. pp. 18–21. DOI: 10.17580/em.2018.02.05
14. Nan Li, Bingxiang Huang, Xin Zhang, Tan Yuyang, Baolin Li. Characteristics of microseismic waveforms induced by hydraulic fracturing in coal seam for coal rock dynamic disasters prevention. Safety Science. 2019. Vol. 115. pp. 188–198.
15. Kisel A. A., Guzanov P. S., Lytneva A. E., Gets O. A. Laboratory research data on backfill with artificial components. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2020. No. 6. pp. 69–73. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2020.06.10

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy