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ArticleName Ion-adsorption rare earth ores of China
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2021.02.08
ArticleAuthor Bugrieva E. P., Tarkhanov A. V., Trubakov Yu. M.

ROSATOM’ s Research Institute for Chemical Technology, Moscow, Russia:

E. P. Bugrieva, Head of a Sector,
A. V. Tarkhanov, Chief Researcher, Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences
Yu. M. Trubakov, Deputy Director of Science


Geology and geochemistry of China’s ion-adsorption rare earth ores are discussed. The structure and material constitution of Lognan, Huashan, Guposhan and Heling deposits are compared. The weathered layer structure, as well as the distribution, differentiation and occurrence forms of rare earth elements (REE) in the weathered layer are described. The prospecting indicators and criteria of readily dissociated adsorbed REE ore are identified to find this type ores in the territory of Russia. The weathered layer enclosing ion-adsorption rare earth ore features specific differentiation of REE. General composition of such ores is governed by the composition of the primary rare earth mineralization in mother granites. If granites contain much yttrium and heavy lanthanides, then ion-adsorption rare earth ore contain also much yttrium and heavy lanthanides. Regarding differentiation of REE, yttrium and heavy lanthanides mainly concentrate in the middle, most clayey part of the weathered layer, while cerium accumulates in subsurface lateritic soil. The prime feature of ion-adsorption rare earth ore is the prevalence of readily dissociated REE, which can reach a quantity of 80% and more but not less than a half. The rest REE concentrate in relict rock-forming minerals and accessories. The quantitative estimation of adsorption form of REE is necessary for the geological and economic appraisal of a deposit. It is assumed that the quantity of readily soluble REE should be not less than 0.05–50% of the total content. Russia has many regions with such geotectonic environment. It is required to explore ion-adsorption rare earth ore occurrences in these regions.

keywords China, rare earth elements, ion-adsorption RE ore, yttrium, lanthanides, weathered layer, accessories

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