Journals →  Chernye Metally →  2021 →  #9 →  Back

Steel Making and Continuous Casting
ArticleName Increase of durability of CCM rollers by electric arc surfacing method with use of promising surfacing materials. Part 1. Structure, phase composition and properties of deposited layers
DOI 10.17580/chm.2021.09.02
ArticleAuthor A. V. Makarov, A. E. Kudryashov, A. A. Vladimirov, M. A. Baranov

Stary Oskol Technological Institute named after A. A. Ugarov (branch) of the National University of Science and Technology “MISiS” (Stary Oskol, Russia):
A. V. Makarov, Cand. Eng., Associate Prof., Head of the Dept. of Technology and Equipment in Metallurgy and Mechanical Engineering named after V. B. Krakht, e-mail:

A. A. Vladimirov, Cand. Eng., Leading Lecturer, Dept. of Technology and Equipment in Metallurgy and Mechanical Engineering named after V. B. Krakht


National University of Science and Technology “MISiS” (Moscow Russia):
A. E. Kudryashov, Cand. Eng., Leading Researcher of SHS Center, e-mail:


ASM Group Ltd. (Cherepovets Russia):
M. A. Baranov, Executive Director, e-mail:


Experimental compositions of flux-cored wires for electric arc surfacing of rollers of continuous casting machine at JSC OEMK named after A.A. Ugarov. To improve the properties of the deposited layers, refractory components were introduced into the charge of the base wire ASM 4603-SA: micro- and nanodispersed powders of tungsten carbide (3–12 %), as well as hexagonal boron nitride powder (0.1–0.2 %). A complex of studies of the structure, composition and properties of the deposited layers has been carried out. An increase in the content of the refractory WC additive in the ASM 4603-SA charge from 3 % to 12 % promotes an increase in the hardness of the deposited layer from 48.9 HRC to 55.1 HRC. The maximum hardness of the deposited layer is set for the specimen deposited with the ASM VI wire – 57.1 HRC. It was found that the phase composition of the deposited layers consists of solid solutions based on α-Fe and γ-Fe iron. The maximum amount of α-Fe was found in the layer deposited with ASM VI wire (84 %). It is shown that the structure of the deposited layers consists of martensite grains surrounded by interlayers of austenite.

keywords Сontinuous casting machine (CCM), rollers, electric arc surfacing, powder wire, tungsten carbide, hexagonal boron nitride, structure, phase composition, hardness

1. Smirnov А.N., Pilyushchenko V. L., Minaev А.А. et. al. Continuous casting processes. Donetsk: DonNTU, 2002, 536 p.
2. Ugarova О.А. Analysis of production of a global product of ferrous metallurgy. Ekonomika v promyshlennosti. 2013. No. 4 pp. 48–53.
3. Du Toit, M., Van Niekerk, J. Improving the Life of Continuous Casting Rolls Through Submerged Arc Cladding with Nitrogen-Alloyed Martensitic Stainless Steel. Weld World. 2010. Vol. 54, R342–R349. DOI: 10.1007/BF03266748
4. Sanz А. New coatings for continuous casting rolls. Surface and Coatings Technology. 2004. Vol. 177–178. pp. 1–11.
5. Hadizadeh B., Bahrami A., Eslami A., Abdian K., Younes Araghi M., Etezazi M. Establishing the cause of failure in continuous casting rolls. Engineering Failure Analysis. 2020. Vol. 108. 104346. Available at: 10.1016/j.engfailanal.2019.104346
6. Berdnikov S. N., Podosyan А. А., Vdovin К. N., Berdnikov А. S. Reasons for CCM rollers breakdown and search for new materials and structures for their manufacture. Stal. 2012. No. 2. pp. 95–98.
7. Bulanov L. V., Korzunin L. G., Parfenov Е. p. et. al. Continuous billet casting machines. Theory and calculation. Ekaterinburg: Uralskiy tsentr PR i reklamy “Marat”, 2004. 349 p.
8. Khitko L. А. Selection of alloys and development of technology for centrifugal casting of bimetallic billets for CCM rollers. Teoriya i praktika metallurgii. 1998. No. 4. pp. 33–34.
9. Klime L., Brezina M., Mauder T., Charvat p., Kleme J. J., Stetina J. Dry cooling as a way toward minimization of water consumption in the steel industry: A case study for continuous steel casting. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2020. Vol. 275. 123109. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.123109
10. Dubrovskiy S. А., Popov А. V., Gorpinchenko М. А. Restoration of casters rollers by electroslag remelting. Stal. 2013. No. 12. pp. 48–50.
11. Arunim Ray, Kanwer Singh Arora, Lester S., Mahadev Shome. Laser cladding of continuous caster lateral rolls: Microstructure, wear and corrosion characterization and on-field performance evaluation. Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 2014. Vol. 214. Iss. 8. pp. 1566–1575.

12. Jian Dong Lin, Ping Huang, Fan He. Research of Surfacing Technology on Continuous Casting Roller. Advanced Materials Research. 2011. Vol. 189-193. pp. 3370–3376.
13. Li J., Sun D. Y., Zhang F. Properties of nano ZrO2 coating on roller surface of continuous casting machine, Iron & Steel. 2017. Vol. 52. No. 10. pp. 104–108.
14. Zhang F., Sun D., Xie J., Xu S., Huang H., Li J., Hou H., Wu J. Application of zirconia thermal barrier coating on the surface of pulling-straightening roller. International Journal of Heat and Technology. 2017. Vol. 35. No. 4. pp. 765–772.
15. Brezina J., Brezinova J., Vinas J. Possibilities for Using New Types of Additive Materials for Hardfacing, Defect and Diffusion Forum. Trans Tech Publications. 2020. Vol. 405. pp. 171–178.
16. Leshchinskiy L. К., Matvienko V. N., Ivanov V. p. et. al. Industrial development of caster roller surfacing technology. Visnik Priazovskogo derzhavnogo tekhnichnogo universitetu. Seriya: Tekhnichni nauki. 2019. Iss. 38. pp. 87–94.
17. Brezinová J., Balog p. Restoring functional areas of continuously casted cylinders. Scientific Proceedings. 2012. Vol. 20. pp. 81–86.
18. Repnikov N. I., Makarov А. V., Kudryashov А. Е., Boyko p. F., Mamkin V. А. Identification of promising surfacing materials for restoration of secondary cooling rollers of casters using structural and tribological studies. Proceedings of the Thirteenth All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference with International Participation “Modern Problems of the Mining and Metallurgical Complex. Science and production», 23-25 November 2016, Stary Oskol. Vol. 1. pp. 280–284.
19. Ryabtsev I. А., Kondratyev I. А., Gadzyra N. F. et. al. Influence of ultrafine carbides in flux-cored wires on properties of heat-resistant weld metal. Avtomaticheskaya svarka. 2009. No. 6. pp. 13–16.
20. Tretyakov V. I. Fundamentals of metallurgy and technologies for production of sintered hard alloys. Moscow: Metallurgiya, 1976. 527 p.
21. GOST 9013-59. Metals. Method of measuring Rockwell hardness. Introduced 01.01.1959.
22. Shelekhov Е. V., Sviridova Т. А. Programs for X-ray analysis of polycrystals. Metallovedenie i termicheskaya obrabotka metallov. 2000. No. 8. pp. 16–19.

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy