Журналы →  Obogashchenie Rud →  2021 →  №5 →  Назад

Название Prospects for the processing of technogenic gold-bearing raw materials using a microemulsion of a composite flotation reagent
DOI 10.17580/or.2021.05.07
Автор Semushkina L. V., Tusupbaev N. K., Turysbekov D. K., Narbekova S. М.
Информация об авторе

JSC «Institute of Metallurgy and Ore Bebefication», Satbayev University (Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan):
Semushkina L. V., Leading Researcher, Candidate of Engineering Sciences, syomushkina.lara@mail.ru
Tussupbayev N. K., Head of Laboratory, Doctor of Engineering Sciences, Corresponding Member of the Kazakhstan National Academy of Natural Sciences, Associate Professor, nesipbay@mail.ru
Turysbekov D. K., Leading Researcher, Candidate of Engineering Sciences, dula80@mail.ru
Narbekova S. М., Researcher


The paper studies the prospects for processing gold-bearing concentrator tailings using a dispersed microemulsion of a composite flotation reagent. The gold content in the tailings sample studied is 0.59 g/t. The tailings mainly consist of quartz and aluminosilicates. A rational analysis of the initial tailings indicates that 33.50 % of all gold is found in refractory combinations with quartz, 28.87 % is in the form of finely dispersed gold, 37.63 % is in intergrowths with sulfides and rock. A composite flotation reagent representing a 85 : 15 mixture of sodium butyl xanthate and reaflot was used as the dispersed emulsion. When colliding with the slurry particles of the minerals, the microemulsion of the flotation reagent spreads and hydrophobizes their surfaces. This, in turn, facilitates microbubble adhesion to such hydrophobized surfaces of the particles, improving the flotation process. A respective reagent usage regime was developed for the flotation of gold-bearing tailings using basic and composite flotation reagents. Under the optimal baseline conditions, a gold-bearing concentrate with the gold content of 6.8 g/t was obtained, with the recovery at 59.8 %. When using the dispersed emulsion of a composite flotation reagent, a gold-bearing concentrate containing 7.2 g/t of gold was obtained, with the recovery at 63.6 %. The use of a composite flotation reagent improves the recovery of gold into the gold-bearing concentrate by 3.8 % as compared to the basic collector (sodium butyl xanthate).
The research was completed with the financial support of the Science Committee of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan under grant No. АР09259372.

Ключевые слова Processing, flotation, technogenic raw materials, microemulsion, dispersion, flotation reagent, concentrate
Библиографический список

1. Ignatkina V. А., Bocharov V. А., Milovich F. O., Ivanova P. G., Khachatryan L. S. Base metals sulfides flotation response increase with application of sulfhydric collectors combinations. Obogashchenie Rud. 2015. No. 3. pp. 18–24. DOI: 10.17580/or.2015.03.03
2. Chanturiya V. A., Matveeva Т. N., Ivanova Т. A., Getman V. V. Mechanism of interaction of cloud point polymers with platinum and gold in flotation of finely disseminated precious metal ores. Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy Review. 2016. Vol. 37, Iss. 3. pp. 187–195.
3. Chen X., Peng Y., Bradshaw D. The separation of chalcopyrite and chalcocite from pyrite in cleaner flotation after regrinding. Minerals Engineering. 2014. Vol. 58. pp. 64–72.
4. Medina D., Anderson C. G. A review of the cyanidation treatment of copper-gold ores and concentrates. Metals. 2020. Vol. 10, Iss. 7. DOI: 10.3390/met10070897
5. Ran J., Qiu X., Hu Zh., Liu Q., Song B., Yao Y. Effects of particle size on flotation performance in the separation of copper, gold and lead. Powder Technology. 2019. Vol. 344. pp. 654–664.
6. Muravyov M. I., Fomchenko N. V. Biohydrometallurgical treatment of old flotation tailings of sulfide ores containing non-nonferrous metals and gold. Minerals Engineering. 2018. Vol. 122. pp. 267–276.
7. Fatahi M. R., Farzanegan A. DEM simulation of laboratory Knelson concentrator to study the effects of feed properties and operating parameters. Advanced Powder Technology. 2017. Vol. 28, Iss. 6. pp. 1443–1458.
8. Abdykirova G. Zh., Kenzhaliev B. K., Koyzhanova A. K., Magomedov D. R. Low-sulfide gold-quartz ore concentration potential study. Obogashchenie Rud. 2020. No. 3. pp. 14–18. DOI: 10.17580/or.2020.03.03
9. Mubarok M., Winarko R., Chaerun S., Rizki I., Ichlas Z. Improving gold recovery from refractory gold ores through biooxidation using iron-sulfur-oxidizing/sulfur-oxidizing mixotrophic bacteria. Hydrometallurgy. 2017. Vol. 168. pp. 69–75.
10. Algebraistova N. K., Golsman D. A., Kolotushkin D. M., Prokopev I. V. Technological evaluation of the stale tailings of the processing of gold-containing low-sulfide ore. Tsvetnye Metally. 2018. No. 5. pp. 25–30. DOI: 10.17580/tsm.2018.05.03.
11. Ryaboy V. I., Shepeta E. D., Kretov V. P., Levkovets S. E., Ryaboy I. V. Effect of surface-active properties of reagents with sodium dialkyldithiophosphates upon flotation of sulfides. Obogashchenie Rud. 2015. No. 2. pp. 18–22. DOI: 10.17580/or.2015.02.04
12. Ryaboy V. I., Levkovets S. E., Efremova G. A., Koval O. E. New dialcydthiophophate collector for flotation of silver-containing ores. Gornye Nauki i Tekhnologii. 2018. No. 3. pp. 45–53.
13. Ryaboy V. I., Levkovets S. E., Kretov V. P., Ryaboy, I. V. Using effective dialkyldithiophosphates in the flotation of gold ores. Proc. of 29th International mineral processing congress (IMPC–2018), Moscow, September 17–21, 2018. pp. 1872–1881.
14. Ryaboy V. I., Shepeta Ye. D., Kretov V. P., Golikov V. V. New dialkyldithiophosphates for copper, gold and silver-bearing ores flotation. Obogashchenie Rud. 2014. No. 1. pp. 29–33.
15. Ryaboy V., Kretov V., Smirnova E. The usage of dialkyldithiophospates in flotation of sulphide ores. Proc. of XV Balkan mineral processing congress, Sozopol, Bulgaria, June 12–16, 2013. Vol. 1. pp. 419–422.
16. Nikolaev A. A., Soe Thu, Goryachev B. E. Criterion of collector’s selectivity in sulfide ores bulk-selective flotation circuits. Obogashchenie Rud. 2016. No. 4. pp. 23–28. DOI: 10.17580/or.2016.04.04
17. Erdenova M. B., Koyzhanova A. K., Kamalov E. M., Abdyldaev N. N., Abubakriev A. T. Additional recovery of gold from the waste of processing gold-bearing ores in Kazakhstan. Kompleksnoye Ispolzovanie Mineralnogo Syr'ya. 2018. No. 2. pp. 12–20.
18. Semushkina L. V., Turysbekov D. K., Mukhanova A. A., Norbekova S. M., Mukhamadieva A. M. Processing of ore flotation tailings from Kazakhstan deposits using a modified flotation reagent. Kompleksnoye Ispolzovanie Mineralnogo Syr'ya. 2018. No. 1. pp. 5–11.
19. Tusupbaev N. K., Rulev N. N., Semushkina L. V., Narbekova S. M. Intensification of flotation of technogenic gold-containing raw materials with the application of a modified foamer. Obogashchenie Rud. 2019. No. 2. pp. 15–19. DOI: 10.17580/or.2019.02.03

Language of full-text русский
Полный текст статьи Получить