Журналы →  Non-ferrous Metals →  2021 →  №2 →  Назад

Название Rare and rare-earth metals industry development in Russia and its influence on fourth world energy transition
DOI 10.17580/nfm.2021.02.01
Автор Zhdaneev O. V., Petrov Ye. I., Seregina A. A.
Информация об авторе

Federal State Budgetary Organization "Russian Energy Agency" (REA) by the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia1 ; A. V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia2 ; National University of Oil and Gas “Gubkin University”, Moscow, Russia3:

O. V. Zhdaneev, PhD, Deputy CEO1, Leading Researcher2, Associate Professor3, e-mail: Zhdaneev@rosenergo.gov.ru


Federal Agency for Mineral Resources, Moscow, Russia:
Ye. I. Petrov, Head of the Agency, e-mail: rosnedra@rosnеdra.gov.ru


The Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia1 ; Federal State Budgetary Organization "Russian Energy Agency" (REA) by the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia2:
A. A. Seregina, Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of World Economy1, Project Director at the Directorate of Technologies in the Fuel and Energy Complex2, e-mail: a.seregina@dipacademy.ru, ORCID: 0000-0002-2090-4061


The typical life cycle of a Russian extractive project starting from the field is licensing all the way to the physical launch and commissioning of the plant is, on average, at least 10 years. Such a long construction cycle increases the discounted payback period by more than 15 years, at the desired rate of 8 years. Based on the principles of rational use and protection of subsoil, Russian legislation is advanced in terms of reliability, safety, sustainability. However, the current standards and regulations do not allow to move to the active phase of setting up enterprises for the extraction, processing of rare (RM) and rare-earth (REM) metals and to create an industry with a full production cycle in a shorter time frame. It should be noted that the basic technologies used in RM and REM sectors in comparison with foreign ones, currently provides parity in terms of processing of mineral raw materials. The implementation of the Roadmap for the Rare and Rare-Earth Metals product line will ensure at least 50% of import substitution of RM and REM by 2024 and achieve complete import substitution of RM and REM by 2030, restore the leading position of the Russian Federation in the global market of RM and REM with a market share of at least 4% in 2024 and up to 10% in 2030.

We express our gratitude to the Rare and Rare Earth Metals Producers and Consumers Association NPO represented by its Chairman R. R. Dimukhamedov for assistance in collecting analytical materials and writing a paper.

Ключевые слова Rare metals, rare-earth metals, Energy transition, fuel and energy complex, strategy, sector, technologies
Библиографический список

1. Dados N., Connell R. The Global South. Contexts. 2012. Vol. 11, Iss. 1. pp. 12–13.
2. Lattanzio R. K. Paris Agreement: U.S. Climate Finance Commitments. CRS Reports. Washington: Congressional Research Service, 2017. 9 p.
3. Zhdaneev O. V., Chuboksarov V. S. Technical Policy of the Oil and Gas Industry in Russia: Tasks and Priorities. Energy Policy. 2020. No. 5. pp. 76–91.
4. The Role of Critical Minerals in Clean Energy Transitions. World Energy Outlook Special Report. 2021. Available at: https://iea.blob.core.windows.net/assets/24d5dfbb-a77a-4647-abcc-667867207f74/TheRoleofCriticalMineralsinClean EnergyTransitions.pdf (accessed: 20.12.2021).
5. Temnov A. V., Azarnova L. A. The Role of Rare Metals in Providing Leading Foreign Countries with Strategic And Critical Mineral Resources. Mineralnye Resursy Rossii. Ekonomika i Upravlenie. 2016. No.1-2. pp. 100–106.
6. van Exter P., Bosch S., Schipper B., Sprecher B., Kleijn R. Metal Demand For Renewable Electricity Generation In The Netherlands. Navigating a Complex Supply Chain. Available at: https://www.metabolic.nl/publications/metal-demand-for-renewable-electricity-generation-in-the-netherlands-pdf/ (accessed: 20.12.2021).
7. Garside M. Rare Earth Reserves Worldwide as of 2020, by Country. Statista. Available at: https://www.statista.com/statistics/277268/rare-earth-reserves-by-country/ (accessed: 20.12.2021).
8. Dyatel T., Zaynullin E. With Unprecedented Rhenium. How Russia Plans to Become a Leader in the Production of Rare Metals. Kommersant. 04 December 2020. Available at: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/4596106 (accessed: 20.12.2021).
9. Tchizhevsky A. TVEL Localizes the Production of Magnets from Rare Earth Alloys for Wind Power Generators. Neftegaz. ru. 05 November 2020. Available at: https://neftegaz.ru/news/Alternative-energy/638197-tvel-lokalizuet-proizvodstvomagnitov-iz-redkozemelnykh-splavov-dlya-generatorov-vetryanykh-elektros/ (accessed: 20.12.2021).
10. Tomtor Depositе. Available at: https://arctic-russia.ru/project/tomtorskoe-mestorozhdenie/ (accessed: 20.12.2021)
11. Bykhovsky L. Z., Tigunov L. P., Temnov A. V. On the Definition of the Notion of Rare Elements (Rare Metals): Historical and Terminological Aspects. Mineralnye Resursy Rossii. Ekonomika i Upravlenie. 2015. No. 3. pp. 32–38.
12. Samsonov N. Yu. Global Chains of Supply of Rare-Earth and Rare Metals as High-Tech Raw Materials Within the Framework of International Industrial Cooperation. Spatial Economics. 2018. Vol. 3. pp. 43–66.

Полный текст статьи Rare and rare-earth metals industry development in Russia and its influence on fourth world energy transition